types of mud turtles

types of mud turtles


While turtle conservation projects do exist, it is difficult to keep a check on illegal poaching of these reptiles – which, though illegal, has become a multi-million dollar industry. Burmese roofed turtle (Batagur trivittata) Geographical Range: Burma Conservation Status: Endangered, Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) Geographical Range: Southeast Asia Conservation Status: Critically Endangered Painted terrapin or Saw-jawed turtle (Batagur borneoensis) Geographical Range: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand Conservation Status: Critically Endangered, Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga) Geographical Range: South Asia Conservation Status: Critically Endangered, Southern river terrapin (Batagur affinis) Geographical Range: Malaysia, Indonesia and Cambodia Conservation Status: NA, Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka) Geographical Range: Nepal, Bangladesh and India Conservation Status: Endangered, Black pond turtle or Spotted pond turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii) Geographical Range: South Asia Conservation Status: Vulnerable, Brahminy river turtle or Crowned river turtle (Hardella thurjii) Geographical Range: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh Conservation Status: Vulnerable, Bengal eyed terrapin (Morenia ocellata) Geographical Range: Endemic to Burma Conservation Status: Vulnerable, Indian eyed turtle (Morenia petersi) Geographical Range: India and Bangladesh Conservation Status: Vulnerable, Assam roofed turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis)Geographical Range: Assam and eastern BangladeshConservation Status: Endangered, Brown roofed turtle (Pangshura smithii)Geographical Range: South AsiaConservation Status: Near Threatened, Indian roofed turtle (Pangshura tecta)Geographical Range: South AsiaConservation Status: Least Concern, Indian tent turtle (Pangshura tentoria)Geographical Range: Peninsular IndiaConservation Status: Least Concern, Chinese broad-headed pond turtle (Chinemys megalocephala)Geographical Range: Endemic to ChinaConservation Status: VulnerableChinese pond turtle (Chinemys reevesii)Geographical Range: Endemic to ChinaConservation Status: VulnerableRed-necked pond turtle (Chinemys nigricans)Geographical Range: Endemic to ChinaConservation Status: Vulnerable, Amboina box turtle (Cuora amboinensis)Geographical Range: Throughout south and southeast AsiaConservation Status: Vulnerable, Chinese three-striped box turtle or Golden coin turtle (Cuora trifasciata)Geographical Range: ChinaConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Indochinese (flowerback) box turtle (Cuora galbinifrons)Geographical Range: China, Vietnam, Laos and CambodiaConservation Status: Critically Endangered, McCord’s box turtle (Cuora mccordi)Geographical Range: Endemic to Chinese Guangxi provinceConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Pan’s box turtle (Cuora pani)Geographical Range: Endemic to ChinaConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Southern Vietnamese box turtle (Cuora picturata)Geographical Range: Mountainous regions in southern VietnamConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Vietnamese three-striped box turtle (Cuora cyclornata)Geographical Range: China, Vietnam and LaosConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Yellow-margined box turtle, Chinese box turtle or Snake-eating turtle (Cuora flavomarginata)Geographical Range: Central China, Taiwan and JapanConservation Status: Endangered, Yunnan box turtle (Cuora yunnanensis)Geographical Range: Endemic to Yunan province of ChinaConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Zhou’s box turtle (Cuora zhoui)Geographical Range: China and VietnamConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Asian leaf turtle (Cyclemys dentata)Geographical Range: South and southeast AsiaConservation Status: NA, Assam leaf turtle (Cyclemys gemeli)Geographical Range: Bangladesh and IndiaConservation Status: Near Threatened, Eastern black-bridged leaf turtle (Cyclemys pulchristiata)Geographical Range: Cambodia and VietnamConservation Status: NA, Enigmatic leaf turtle (Cyclemys enigmatica)Geographical Range: Brunei , Malaysia and IndonesiaConservation Status: NA, Myanmar brown leaf turtle (Cyclemys fusca)Geographical Range: Myanmar, India and BangladeshConservation Status: NA, Oldham’s leaf turtle (Cyclemys oldhamii)Geographical Range: South and southeast AsiaConservation Status: NA, Western black-bridged leaf turtle (Cyclemys atripons)Geographical Range: Cambodia, Southeast Thailand and VietnamConservation Status: NA, Black-breasted hill turtle (Geoemyda spengleri)Geographical Range: China and VietnamConservation Status: Endangered, Ryukyu black-breasted leaf turtle (Geoemyda japonica)Geographical Range: Endemic to the Ryukyu Islands in JapanConservation Status: Endangered, Sulawesi forest turtle (Leucocephalon yuwonoi) Geographical Range: Endemic to Indonesia Conservation Status: Critically Endangered, Malayemys macrocephalaGeographical Range: Cambodia, West Malaysia, Myanmar and ThailandConservation Status: NA, Malayemys subtrijugaGeographical Range: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and ThailandConservation Status: Vulnerable, Arakan forest turtle (Heosemys depressa)Geographical Range: Arakan hills of western MyanmarConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Giant Asian pond turtle (Heosemys grandis)Geographical Range: Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and ThailandConservation Status: Vulnerable, Spiny turtle (Heosemys spinosa)Geographical Range: Southeast Asia Conservation Status: Endangered, Yellow-headed temple turtle (Heosemys annandalii)Geographical Range: Native to Southeast AsiaConservation Status: NA, Balkan pond turtle or Balkan terrapin (Mauremys rivulata)Geographical Range: Balkan peninsulaConservation Status: NA, Caspian turtle or Striped-neck terrapin (Mauremys caspica)Geographical Range: Eastern Mediterranean regionConservation Status: NA, Japanese pond turtle (Mauremys japonica)Geographical Range: Endemic to JapanConservation Status: Near Threatened, Spanish pond turtle (Mauremys leprosa)Geographical Range: Europe and northwestern AfricaConservation Status: NA, Vietnamese pond turtle or Annam leaf turtle (Mauremys annamensis)Geographical Range: Endemic to central VietnamConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Yellow pond turtle (Mauremys mutica)Geographical Range: China, Japan, Taiwan and VietnamConservation Status: Endangered, Indian black turtle (Melanochelys trijuga)Geographical Range: South AsiaConservation Status: Near Threatened, Tricarinate hill turtle (Melanochelys tricarinata)Geographical Range: India, Bangladesh and NepalConservation Status: Vulnerable, Malayan flat-shelled turtle (Notochelys platynota) Geographical Range: Southeast Asia Conservation Status: Vulnerable, Chinese Stripe-necked Turtle (Ocadia sinensis)Geographical Range: China, Taiwan and VietnamConservation Status: Endangered, Ocadia glyphistomaGeographical Range: Endemic to Guangxi/ChinaConservation Status: Data Deficient, Philippen’s striped turtle (Ocadia philippeni)Geographical Range: Hainan Province of ChinaConservation Status: Data Deficient, Malaysian giant turtle or Bornean river turtle (Orlitia borneensis) Geographical Range: Indonesia and Malaysia Conservation Status: Endangered, Keeled box turtle (Pyxidea mouhotii or Cuora mouhotii) Geographical Range: China, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar and India Conservation Status: Endangered, Black river turtle (Rhinoclemmys funerea) Geographical Range: Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama Conservation Status: Near Threatened, Brown wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys annulata)Geographical Range: Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua and PanamaConservation Status: Near Threatened, Colombian wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys melanosterna)Geographical Range: Colombia, Ecuador and PanamaConservation Status: Least Concern, Furrowed wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys areolata)Geographical Range: Yucatan Peninsula and surrounding areasConservation Status: Near Threatened, Large-nosed wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys nasuta)Geographical Range: Colombia and EcuadorConservation Status: Near Threatened, Maracaibo wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys diademata)Geographical Range: Colombia and VenezuelaConservation Status: Least Concern, Mexican spotted wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys rubida)Geographical Range: Endemic to MexicoConservation Status: Near Threatened, Painted wood turtle (Rhinoclemmys pulcherrima)Geographical Range: Mexico and Central AmericaConservation Status: NA, Spot-legged turtle (Rhinoclemmys punctularia)Geographical Range: Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venuezuela, Trinidad and TobagoConservation Status: Least Concern, Beal’s eyed turtle or Beal’s four-eyed turtle (Sacalia bealei)Geographical Range: China and Hong KongConservation Status: Endangered, Chinese false-eyed turtle (Sacalia pseudocellata)Geographical Range: Hainan, ChinaConservation Status: Data Deficient, Four-eyed turtle (Sacalia quadriocellata)Geographical Range: China, Laos and VietnamConservation Status: Endangered, Black marsh turtle (Siebenrockiella crassicollis)Geographical Range: Endemic to Southeast AsiaConservation Status: Vulnerable, Philippine forest turtle (Siebenrockiella leytensis)Geographical Range: The island province of Palawan in PhilippinesConservation Status: Critically Endangered, Cochin forest cane turtle (Vijayachelys silvatica) Geographical Range: Western Ghats of India Conservation Status: Endangered. Apart from this their diet consists of aquatic invertebrates particularly freshwater clams, crayfish and even insects found in water. Years ago when I got my first turtle, I made a ton of mistakes. The list of threats these turtles face seems to be never ending.

There are multiple species of the common mud turtle, but in general, they tend to be olive-brown to black in color, both on their head and legs and their shell. While the Cheloniidae family consists four monotypic genera and one polytypic genera, the Dermochelyidae family is made up of a single monotypic genera – with the leatherback sea turtle as the lone member of the family. Mud turtles are omnivores that like to occasionally munch on plants and flowers such as dandelions, but they prefer to eat things such as mealworms, crayfish, smaller fish and insects for the bulk of their diet. Softshell turtles, or softshells as they are often called, are turtles belonging to family Trionychidae, typically characterized by a carpace which is hard in the center, leathery towards the edges and lacks the typical horny scales. They also consume fish and other aquatic organisms. Mud turtles and musk turtles are the small turtles belonging to family Kinosternidae. The bottom shell (plastron) is yellow to brown with two hinges, allowing the turtle to close each end separately. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. It was also observed that the females would urinate on their nests in dry years. While the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has this species enlisted as a ‘Critically Endangered’ species, the U.S. In a study by the ‘IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group’, it was revealed that 25 species of turtles are at an ‘extremely high risk of extinction’. Their upper shell (carapace) is usually darker in cover, while their plastron (underneath shell) is typically a lighter shade of brown or darker yellow. The eggs hatch in the fall and some hatchlings leave the nest and spend the winter in aquatic habitats, but most of the hatchlings burrow below the nest and wait until spring to emerge and then move to the water. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Usually, the word ‘turtle’ is used for the members of this reptile family found in the oceans, while those found on the land are termed ‘tortoises’.

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