persepolis gate of nations age

persepolis gate of nations age

that the city had been destroyed by a great fire. Reconstruction Images and Virtual Tours - Links, Stairway to the Gate of All Nations & Xerxes' Inscription, Stairway to the Gate of All Nations as seen today, Stairway to the Gate of All Nations - artist's reconstruction, Source: The Roman historian Plutarch (l. c. 45 – c. 125 CE) relates a similar story, further claiming that Alexander carried away the treasures of Persepolis on the backs of 20,000 mules and 5,000 camels.

The city was located in a remote region in the mountains, however, making travel there difficult in the rainy season of the Persian winter, so the administration of the Achaemenid Empire was also overseen from Ecbatana, Babylon, and Susa. Twenty-five miles down the winding gorge of the Median River that watered the Pasargadae Plain, a rock-cut road led into another and broader plain. By Dr. Joshua J. MarkProfessor of PhilosophyMarist College. Gate of All Nations, Persepolis, Iran. Tragically, Persepolis was wantonly destroyed by Alexander the Great in 330 BCE after being thoroughly looted by his soldiers. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Alexander the Great: the destruction of Persepolis, Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported, Alexander the Great and the Burning of Persepolis, A Brief History of Boxing since the Ancient World, Tournaments, Weapons, and Armor in Medieval Jousting, Proscriptio: Stripping Political Opponents of Power in Ancient Rome, The Hyphasis Mutiny: Alexander the Great Pushing the Troops too Far. There were two doors, one to the south which opened to the Apadana yard and the other opening onto a winding road to the east. in 1979 CE and attracts visitors from around the world who come to André Godard, the French archaeologist who excavated Persepolis in the early 1930s, believed that Cyrus the Great chose the site of Persepolis, but that Darius the Great built the terrace and the great palaces. Gate of All Nations; Tomb of the King; Of these nine, the first three were built by Darius I (who also began the treasury building) and the rest completed by his successors, notably his son Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE) and grandson Artaxerxes I (r. 465-424 BCE). he gave his men free rein to sack the city – except for the palaces – Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Persepolis. The construction of the Stairs of All Nations and the Gate of All Nations was ordered by the Achaemenid king Xerxes (r.486-465), the son and successor of the founder of Persepolis, Darius I the Great.Originally, the main access had been in the south; now, visitors would have to ascend the terrace from the west. The palace of Xerxes, who had planned and executed the invasion of Greece in 480 BCE, received especially brutal treatment in the destruction of the complex. In time, the site came to be associated with supernatural entities, was considered haunted, and was then generally avoided. King Xerxes says: By the grace of Ahura Mazda I constructed this Gateway of All Nations. - MC99EX from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors.

and those of noble birth could ascend or descend the stairs on The ruins lay buried until the 17th century CE when they were identified as the once-great royal city of Persepolis, but professional excavation did not begin until 1931 CE, with work continuing since. Almost all of them were elderly and had been taken prisoner and then Archaeological evidence shows that the earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BC. The columns were topped by sculptures of various animals symbolizing the king’s authority and power, such as the bull and lion. Since 1931 CE, aside from periods when conflict in the region experience the wonder that was once the great city of Persepolis. Between his palace and the Council Room, Xerxes I constructed a (17.72.1-6). These reliefs are so are so precise in their detail that the nationalities represented are easily identified. Near Persepolis, the ancient necropolis (aka: city of the dead) Naqsh-e Rustam continues to house various Persian leaders who have long since passed into the afterlife. Pivoting devices found on the inner corners of all the doors indicate that they were two-leafed doors, probably made of wood, and covered with sheets of ornate metal. Gate of All Nations or The Gate of Xerxes. successors. » Page 4: Destruction, •  © Author: K. E. Eduljee, Zoroastrian Heritage, 2005-17 (researched from 1979 onwards)   •  Contact   •  Page validated by, Jashan / Jashne - Thanksgiving Ceremonies, Darius I does admit that certain satrapies (provinces) rose in revolt when he came to the throne but minimizes the resistance to his reign while emphasizing loyal satrapies and his popularity and power. Cambyses II died on his way back from the campaign in 522 BCE, and Bardiya was then assassinated by Darius I. Darius I, however, claimed the man he killed was not Bardiya but a clever usurper named Gautama who only looked like Bardiya.

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