The Kriegsmarine agreed, voicing the suspicion that the Italian preference for the use of Tripoli was based primarily on their desire to protect their merchant fleet. The leadership of the Italian Navy, responsible for coordinating and overseeing Mediterranean convoy protection, was staffed by many officers who were not supporters of Mussolini, while the senior Fascist authorities in the government and military were so corrupt as to be ineffective, or at least disastrously bureaucratic. However, Hitler did not truly favor the operation, given the airborne losses suffered on Crete in 1941 and concerns about the quality of Italian naval support. LTC John K. Waters, Patton’s Son-in-Law would be captured during the Battle of Kasserine Pass, survive the war, and attain general officer rank in the 1950s, Patton’s son-in-law LTC John K. Waters (an armored battalion commander) described Fredendall’s behavior after the capture of Oran, Algeria (10 November 1942):“After a close inspection of the city, Waters exited the city, passing some of his own tanks that had run out of gasoline, and found the corps commander, Lloyd Fredendall on the outskirts.
The Rommel Papers state, “The first essential condition for an army to be able to stand the stress of battle is an adequate stock of weapons, petrol and ammunition. It had commenced on September 13, 1940, as the six divisions of the Italian Tenth Army, which was about three times the size of the defending British force, crossed into Egypt. But German reinforcements began to arrive, formations that had been earmarked for the aborted attack on Malta—Ramcke’s Parachute Brigade and the 164th Light. He kept hoping that his army would show some drive, push the British back, and give him and Italy some measure of glory. The logistics problems facing the Germans in North Africa were to be extremely challenging. As of 2020 the game is being revamped by Decision Games, and is available for pre-order on their website. The small capacity of the ports also limited the size of convoys. The Allied air force was concentrating on disrupting Rommel’s fragile and elongated supply routes while British mobile forces were causing havoc in the Axis rear areas. This study analyzes the logistics operations of the north africa campaign the thesis covers wholesale and retail level preparedness and execution of the us ground force sustainment following the allied landings in northwest africa in november 1942 the analysis concludes with the german surrender in tunisia in may 1943 the logistical efforts of the campaign are studied against the framework of modern airland battle doctrine the functional areas of manning fueling arming fixing and .
, , But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. With Italy’s entry into the war a new front was opened that Britain hardly seemed able to defend.
In the middle of the Mediterranean, Malta provided a vital strategic base for Allied operations as it lay astride the direct route between Italy and Libya. BATTLES
Rather, it resulted from the discovery of 13,000 tons of Italian fuel reserves near Tripoli. He would only peek over the turret.’ Fredendall’s excessive personal caution would have disastrous effects later in North Africa…, Prior to the battles of Kasserine Pass, Fredendall employed his only digging assets to build tunnels for his corps headquarters, which was more than 100 miles from the most forward elements. Russia would be left with only Murmansk and Archangel in the north—ports exposed to Arctic weather, U-boats, and the Luftwaffe. 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218 1-800-CAL-DTIC (1-800-225-3842). Other logistic options were weighed. gcse.async = true;
There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. Italian shipping resources were further taxed as ships were also needed to support troops in the Balkans and the Aegean. Having materially assisted his retreat by using warships and submarines to bring fuel to the ports of Derna and Benghazi, they next made a major effort by sending four battleships, three light cruisers, and 20 destroyers to escort a convoy to Libya on December 16-17. Although the Italians tried to improve their Libyan ports, they did so only after wasting considerable effort on repairing harbors in Albania. The situation in the Libyan desert was best summed up by German General Johann von Ravenstein, commander of the 21st Panzer Division, who described it as a tactician’s paradise but a quartermaster’s hell. Even so, Mussolini was reluctant to call upon the Germans because it would look like an admission of failure, but he also didn’t want to lose Libya. However, when OKW offered them Kriegsmarine personnel to help operate the Libyan ports, the offer was rejected. Even more than that, the Soviet Union’s major oil fields in the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea could be threatened. Supplying North Africa. If he succeeded in taking Tobruk, he would then wait until Malta was subdued before advancing into Egypt.
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