laws that violate the constitution

laws that violate the constitution

Justices concurring: Brennan, Warren, C.J., Goldberg, Douglas (separately), Black Justices dissenting: White (in part), Harlan, Clark, Stewart. They must subsist on Christians and other people not of their race. 287. The statute violates the Thirteenth Amendment and the Federal Antipeonage Act for it cannot be said that a plea of guilty is uninfluenced by the statute’s threat to convict by its prima facie evidence section Justice dissenting: Harlan.

A Colorado law punishing as felony the payment of persons who circulate petitions for ballot initiative abridges the right to engage in political speech, and therefore violates the First and Fourteenth Amendments. North Carolina State Bd. 204 (1871). Hill v. Stone, 421 U. S. 289 (1975). The suspension of habeas corpus, except in a state of emergency, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 17:49. Alabama constitutional and statutory provisions that do not apportion seats in both houses of legislature on a population basis violated the Equal Protection Clause.

These sales are interstate in nature and are immune from state taxation by virtue of the Commerce Clause. Justices concurring: Holmes, Brandeis, Stone. A Virginia statute making it a misdemeanor, by sale or circulation of any publication, to encourage or prompt the procuring of an abortion, as applied to the editor of a weekly newspaper who published an advertisement of an outofstate abortion, violates the First Amendment. 958. Cook v. Gralike, 531 U. S. 510 (2001). Justice dissenting: Rehnquist. 132. A Tennessee law increasing the tax on a bank above the rate specified in its charter was held to impair the obligation of that contract. Hans Rees’ Sons v. North Carolina, 283 U. S. 123 (1931). 886. Whitehill v. Elkins, 389 U. S. 54 (1967). Hunter v. Underwood, 471 U. S. 222 (1985). 403. 371. 918. An Ohio statute authorizing suspension without a hearing of public school students for up to 10 days for misconduct denies students procedural due process in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. Justices dissenting: Stone, Brandeis, Cardozo. Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 504 U. S. 298 (1992). Justices concurring: Warren, C.J., Black, Douglas, Brennan, Goldberg, White Justices concurring specially: Clark, Stewart A district court decision holding to violate the Commerce Clause an Oregon statute requiring sellers of imported meat to label it with country of origin, post notices in their establishment that it is being sold, and keep record of transactions involving it, is affirmed.

An Illinois law denying Illinois courts jurisdiction in actions for wrongful death occurring in another state, which was construed to bar jurisdiction of actions on a sister state judgment founded upon a like cause, was as so applied, in violation of the Full Faith and Credit Clause.

An amendment to the Arkansas Constitution denying ballot access to congressional candidates who have already served three terms in the House of Representatives or two terms in the Senate is invalid as conflicting with the qualifications for office set forth in Article I of the U. S. Constitution, (specifying age, duration of U. S. citizenship, and state inhabitancy requirements). Miller, 99 U. S. 309 (1878). Smith v. Goguen, 415 U. S. 566 (1974). When, because a Georgia law that granted a defendant in a criminal trial the right to make an unsworn statement to the jury without subjecting himself to cross-examination, defendant’s counsel was denied the right to ask him any question when he took the stand to make his unsworn statement, such application of the Georgia law deprived the defendant of the effective assistance of counsel without due process of law. These aspects are: limitations on reasonable fees that professional fundraisers may charge; a requirement that professional fundraisers disclose to potential donors the percentage of donated funds previously used for charity; and a requirement that professional fundraisers be licensed. 536. Kraft Gen. Foods v. Iowa Dep’t of Revenue, 505 U. S. 71 (1992). Justices concurring: Marshall, Brennan, White, Blackmun, Powell Justices dissenting: Rehnquist, Stewart, Burger, C.J. 18. (2) A person convicted of an offence under subsection (1) is liable to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both. Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U. S. 390 (1923). Justices concurring: Marshall, C.J., Washington, Johnson, Duvall, Story, Trimble Justice dissenting: Thompson. Justices concurring: Marshall, Brennan, White, Blackmun, Powell Justices dissenting: Stevens, Scalia, O’Connor, Rehnquist, C.J. (3) This Constitution shall bind all persons in Zambia, State organs and State institutions. An Alabama statute making it a criminal offense to electioneer or solicit votes on election day as applied to a newspaper editor who published an editorial on election day urging people to vote a certain way on a referendum issue violated First and Fourteenth Amendments. 138. Accord: Sanders v. Johnson, 403 U. S. 955 (1971). 70. Justices concurring: Kennedy, Ginsburg, Breyer, Sotomayor, Kagan Justices dissenting: Roberts, C.J., Thomas, Alito. Miami Herald Pub.

The two-cent passenger rate fixed by act of the Arkansas legislature was confiscatory and accordingly deprived the railroad of its property without due process. An “Alaska Hire” statute mandating that state residents be preferred to nonresidents in employment on oil and gas pipeline work violates Article IV, § 2, the Privileges and Immunities Clause. Treen v. Karen B., 455 U. S. 913 (1982). A conviction under it is not merely erroneous but isillegal and void and cannot be used as a legal cause of imprisonment.” – Ex parte Siebold, 100 U.S. 371 (1879), “An unconstitutional act is not law. United States Trust Co. v. New Jersey, 431 U. S. 1 (1977). I, § 10). & So. 232 (1873). 525. Justices concurring: Warren, C.J., Black, Douglas, Brennan, Goldberg, White Justice concurring specially: Clark

An appellate court decision holding invalid on its face a New York statute restricting display of the American flag, and prohibiting superimposition of symbols on a flag, is summarily affirmed. 214. Phillips Chemical Co. v. Dumas School Dist., 361 U. S. 376 (1960).

A district court decision invalidating on equal protection grounds a Minnesota six-month residency requirement for voting is summarily affirmed. California State Bd. An appeals court decision holding unconstitutionally vague and over-broad Utah statute barring cable television systems from showing “indecent material” is summarily affirmed.

Justices concurring: Blackmun, Douglas, Brennan, Stewart, Marshall, Powell, Burger, C.J. v. Tucker, 230 U. S. 340 (1913). Justices concurring: McReynolds, Pitney, Van Devanter, White, C.J. A Pennsylvania law that imposed a tax on freight transported interstate, into and out of Pennsylvania, was an invalid regulation of interstate commerce. Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona ex rel.

A judgment debtor of the State of Arkansas tendered, in satisfaction of the judgment, banknotes in circulation at the time of the repeal by the state of that section of the said bank’s charter providing that such notes should be received in discharge of public debts.

240. 164. The tax is facially discriminatory against interstate commerce, is not a valid compensatory tax, and is not justified by any other legitimate state interest. Covey v. Town of Somers, 351 U. S. 141 (1956).

A Maryland statute and a Baltimore ordinance, levying tax solely on products of other states, was held to impose an invalid burden upon foreign and interstate commerce. Justices concurring: White, Douglas, Brennan, Fortas, Warren, C.J. Justices concurring: Marshall, C.J., Washington, Livingston, Todd Justice dissenting: Johnson (in part).

Trimble v. Gordon, 430 U. S. 762 (1977). 747. 936. 699. 172. United States v. Scotland Neck City Bd. Louis K. Liggett Co. v. Baldridge, 278 U. S. 105 (1928). Justices dissenting: McReynolds, Sutherland. 82. 216,362 inmates in Federal Prisons across the US.

Justices concurring: Strong, Swayne, Davis, Waite, C.J., Miller, Field, Bradley Justice dissenting: Clifford. An Indiana law of 1933 that repealed tenure rights of certain teachers accorded under a Tenure Act of 1927 impaired the obligation of contract. 317. Oyama v. California, 332 U. S. 633 (1948). Justices concurring: Warren, C.J., Black, Douglas, Goldberg, White, Clark, Brennan, StewartJustice dissenting: Harlan. Justices dissenting: McReynolds, Brandeis, Sanford. Accord: Dorchy v. Kansas, 264 U. S. 286 (1924), same Kansas law voided when applied to labor disputes affecting coal mines; Wolff Packing Co. v. Industrial Court, 262 U. S. 522 (1923), voiding other provisions of this Kansas law that authorized an arbitration tribunal in the course of compulsory arbitration, to fix the hours of labor to be observed by an employer involved in a labor dispute. Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Missouri Pacific Ry. A Texas statute (and ordinance of City of Houston) that provide for imprisonment of persons unable to pay a fine for period calculated at $5 a day violate the Equal Protection Clause. An Indiana statute concerning the delivery of telegrams, insofar as it applied to deliveries sent from Indiana to other states, was an invalid regulation of commerce. Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus, 438 U. S. 234 (1978).

Adams Express Co. v. Kentucky, 214 U. S. 218 (1909).

An Iowa statute barring 65-foot double-trailer trucks on state’s highways, while all neighboring states permit them, violates the Commerce Clause.

Gillespie v. Oklahoma, 257 U. S. 501 (1922). 3 597. United States v. Reynolds, 235 U. S. 133 (1914). 2, prohibiting state import duties, and the Commerce Clause, when enforced against a foreign corporation, whose sole business in Alabama consisted of the landing, storing, and selling in original packages of goods imported from abroad. Comm’n for Needy Children v. Poindexter, 393 U. S. 17 (1968). 253. (2016). Cheney Brothers Co. v. Massachusetts, 246 U. S. 147 (1918). Justices concurring: Douglas, Brennan, Stewart, White, Marshall, Warren, C.J. Same division of Justices as Hostetter.

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