Such racial theories cannot be found in India texts before the colonial era and its racist view of the world.There is little in so-called Dravidian culture, ancient or modern, that does not have strong connections with so-called Aryan culture. (Nirukta 6-26) (Rik 6-33-3 ) ( Rik 6-35-2) ( 1-51-8) • It was easy to spread this dichotomy because of the perceived differences between north Indians (Aryans) and south Indians (Dravidians). Here is a list, Spotlight On Pangong, China build-up now clear in Depsang, Is 2020 the worst year for civilisation? But there is clearly a common culture that goes back many centuries and cannot be divided by Aryan versus Dravidian theories. The fact that there are differences in skin color as well as languages made people believe in this dichotomy, which was planted by British, to divide Indian people so as to be able to rule over them easily. Caste system in India is believed to have originated with the arrival of the Aryans who chose the classes of Brahmins (priestly class), Kshatriyas (rulers or kings) and Vaishyas (businessmen) and left the lowly category of sudras (untouchables) for the Dravidians and the descendants of Aryans that were a result of cross between Aryans and the local Dravidians. The India Today magazine report describes a Harvard academic's account of the "extreme sensitivity" shown by Indian scientists in 2008 over indications of Eurasian migration into the subcontinent. This is the second part of an ongoing series, which traces the origins of India’s people and civilization. • European scholars writing history did not think much of the word Arya used in Sanskrit meaning pure and good. Can India's population be considered largely ancestral and indigenous, or not? If the Rakhigiri man could write a Facebook post today, he'd probably say, "It's complicated". Traveling throughout India, including much time in the south, I have been trying to make sense of the proposed Aryan-Dravidian divide, and the call for a pure Dravidian culture that one hears in Tamil Nadu.The first thing one notices is that the most pure Sanskrit names are found in Tamil Nadu, extending to Dravidian political leaders like Jayalalitha and Karunanidhi. It is possible that European scholars who subscribe to the dichotomy of Aryans and Dravidians failed to see the use of the word Arya, which comes from Sanskrit language, and means the pure or good.
It also suggests that the area's Indus Valley-era citizens probably spoke an early Dravidian language. This DNA didn't contain R1a1 -- genetic material from a Central Asian population that spread out four millenia ago. Is it accurate to speak of Aryan and Dravidian Indians? Dravidian people or Dravidians are a linguistic group originating in South Asia who predominantly speak any of the Dravidian languages.There are around 245 million native speakers of Dravidian languages. How and when this division of Indian people came along, is questionable and indeed full of anomalies. Most pure Sanskrit names are found in Tamil Nadu and Sanskrit learning is best preserved in South India. It is hard to see its relevance as defining Dravidian versus Aryan culture today.The origin of the Aryan-Dravidian divide idea had a lot to do with the people of South India throwing off the rule of the old Brahmin class which, incidentally, happened in the north as well. Well, we're talking science, so interpreting results is best done with a dose of moderation. How and when this division of Indian people came along, is questionable and indeed full of anomalies. But later day literature gives very interesting information. Our business model is you and your subscription. The Anti Brahmin movement used this word as their trump card. Southern temples reverberate with the same Sanskrit chants, as in the north, with some chants in Tamil as the north has some in Hindi.Shiva, a Dravidian God?Dravidian nationalists tell us that Lord Shiva was a Dravidian God expropriated by the northern Aryans.
Nowhere itwas used as a racial term.
Priestly families from the south run many Himalayan temples, as in the case of Badrinath today, where the Rawat or chief priest must be chosen from certain Kerala families. Tamil and SanskritSanskrit learning is best preserved in South India.
But the fact that the date of Aryan invasion of India is around 1500 BC belies these stories as most of the events in Hindu religion have taken place much before this date. The word Arya occurs in seven places in the 2000 year old Sangam Tamil literature. Indians were made to believe that north Indians are descendants of Aryans while south Indians are the descendants of Dravidians. Dravidian speakers form the majority of the population of South India and are natively found in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. This theory is under severe scrutiny today and has no real evidence on the ground to prove it, including no Aryan race type ever discovered archaeologically – but even if it has some validity it is an event, more than three thousand years old. To identify local Tamil Brahmins today with descendants of proposed Aryan invaders of thousands of years ago has little credibility, except as propaganda.Others raise the issue of skin color, which was the old basis of the now disproved Aryan and Dravidian races. Yet Shiva is the great deity of Varanasi, Kashmir, Kedarnath and Kailas in the north, with the Ganga flowing down his head as a Himalayan God. If you are looking for the region of India where ancient Vedic teachings are best preserved, you will find it in Dravidian Kerala, where ancient Vedic rituals and fire sacrifices are regularly performed with precision and devotion.In the south one finds the largest Hindu temple complexes, dwarfing anything in the north. They crushed Dravidians and pushed them downwards and into mountains and forests. Yet the temples are of the same great deities as Shiva, Vishnu, Devi and Ganesha as in the north. There's more. The first part can be found here: Unraveled: Where Indians Come From, Part 1. Difference Between North India and South India, Difference Between OC and SC and ST and BC and OBC, Difference Between Padma Sri and Padma Vibhushan, Difference Between Ramayana and Mahabharata, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Reductase and Oxidoreductase, Difference Between Ascorbate and Ascorbic Acid, Difference Between Prime Minister and Chief Minister, Difference Between Root and Shoot Apical Meristem, Difference Between Proton NMR of Methyl Benzoate and Phenylacetic Acid, Difference Between Gastrovascular Cavity and Alimentary Canal, Difference Between Coacervates and Protobionts. All rights reserved. Becoming a Patron or a subscriber for as little as Rs 999/year is the best way you can support our efforts.
These results are the focus of the cover story in this week's edition of India Today magazine: DNA obtained from a 4,500-year-old male Indus Valley-era skeleton (let's call him the Rakhigarhi man) shows that the area's ancient denizens were "a mix of two populations": 'Ancient Ancestral South Indians' and 'Iranian Agriculturalists' -- a group not native to the subcontinent.
The Aryan-Dravidian divide is largely a modern political construct. Even South Indian movies more commonly depict Hindu stories and deities than do the Hindi movies of the north dominated by the Khans.Spurious TheoriesBehind this Aryan-Dravidian divide idea is the historical debate whether the so-called Aryans invaded or migrated into India from the north and pushed the Dravidians to the south – as western historians have proposed (supposed to have happened around 1500 BC). ", Now, here's the nutshell-version of the implications: "The people and culture of the Indus Valley Civilisation were distinct from the population apparently associated with the beginnings of Vedic (Hindu) civilisation.". A draft of the scientific paper which details the Rakhigarhi excavation posits that the Rakhigarhi man is more closely related to the Irula, a south Indian tribal community, than Indian populations with a higher degree of West Eurasian-related ancestry.
The question is delicate and politically charged. Great Vedantic teachers have come from the south including Swami Dayananda, Swami Chinmayananda and Ramana Maharshi. Swastika, which is the symbol adopted by the Nazis in Germany and claimed as their own is found in Hindu scriptures and credited with Arya tribes living in ancient India much before Aryans invaded India. 'Arya' is he who obeys the commana of God. But didn't people die? Is it accurate to speak of Aryan and Dravidian Indians? Aryans vs Dravidians.
Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The question is old, but the fascinating results of an excavation made in Haryana's Rakhigarhi provide a opportunity to re-examine it. People living in North India have been referred to as Aryans, and those belonging to south India have been labeled as Dravidians for the last many centuries.
As you are no doubt aware, Swarajya is a media product that is directly dependent on support from its readers in the form of subscriptions. • Recent excavations have proved that Aryans arrived in India much later (1500 BC) while Indian society has been divided into castes much before (around 7000 BC). The word Dravida was not found anywhere in the Tamil Sangam Literature of 30,000 lines. The culture of South India has been intimately woven with Sanskrit, Vedic philosophies, Vedic culture and Yoga as long as we can trace it.Certainly there are cultural variations in India, including between the north and the south, just as there are in Europe or any subcontinent. "The issue," the report says, "was ultimately resolved by means of a terminological sleight-of-hand-using the nomenclature 'Ancestral South Indian' (ASI) and 'Ancestral North Indian' (ANI) to obscure the revelation that ANI represented a population with a significant genetic contribution from outside the subcontinent. As the magazine report says, R1a1 is "often loosely called 'the Aryan gene'," and is "strongly associated with high-caste North Indian populations. He who is devoid of good acts and virtues, who does not act thoughtfully and does not observe sacred vows such as non-violence, truth etc. Grantha in turn arose from the Brahmi script of North India, which reached Sri Lanka over 2500 years ago. People living in North India have been referred to as Aryans, and those belonging to south India have been labeled as Dravidians for the last many centuries. Sanskrit has been used side by side with Tamil since as long as we can trace the history of the region.South India as the Bastion of Vedic CultureMany great Vedantic teachers of modern times have come from the south including Swami Dayananda (Arsha Vidya), Swami Chinmayananda and Ramana Maharshi.If one wishes to study traditional Ayurvedic medicine, one will discover the most authentic traditions in the south, which has an entire tourist industry based upon it. Copyright: Swarajya. We deliver over 10 - 15 high quality articles with expert insights and views. Aryas are those who perform noble deeds and possess noble qualities.
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